Documents Relating to Public Education in New Hanover County
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of original documents, letters, financial records and printed material dealing with the establishment of free public schools in Wilmington, North Carolina after the Civil War. The correspondence details the financial support for school construction, teacher recruitment, and administration provided by the Massachusetts Soldiers Memorial Society, Mary Hemenway, Amy Bradley and the American Unitarian Association for what came to be known as Wilmington School District #2. The focus of the materials in the collection is in Wilmington, North Carolina during the 1860s to the 1900s. While the focus of the collection provides financial and legal details regarding school construction for white children, there is some information on on Williston and Peabody Colored Schools for African American children. Material types include correspondence, receipts, deeds, photographs, reports and contracts.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use.
Copyright retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
During Presidential Reconstruction, several northern missionary societies opened schools for blacks in the South immediately following the Civil War. Some northern missionary societies also identified a need for free schools for poor white children. In 1867, Amy Bradley, working as a missionary for the Unitarian Association and The Massachusetts Soldiers Memorial Society, arrived in Wilmington to establish free schools for white children. Mary Hemenway provided much of the financial backing for school construction, while Bradley both taught and later administered the schools. When North Carolina established public schools, the "Bradley" schools became part of the public school system. The collection demonstrates Amy Bradley’s significant involvement in the creation of the public school system in Wilmington.
0.42 Linear Feet (Contains 1 document box)
This collection was donated by Dr. William Wagoner, Chancellor Emeritus, in connection with his inauguration as the first Chancellor of the University of North Carolina Wilmington. An addition of photocopies of letters from the Unitarian Universalist Association and Harvard Divinity School Archives were later purchased by Helen Hagan, Librarian, in 1969.
Portions of this collection have been digitized and/or are born-digital. For access to these digital materials, please browse the finding aid via the "Collection Organization" tab and select an individual file or item to see if it contains a linked digital record.
- African Americans -- North Carolina -- New Hanover County -- History
- Bradley, Amy Morris, 1823-1904
- Education -- New Hanover County (N.C.)
- Hemenway, Mary, 1820-1894
- New Hanover County (N.C.) -- History -- Sources
- Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) -- North Carolina
- Wilmington (N.C.)
- Wilmington (N.C.) -- History -- 19th century
- Documents Relating to Public Education in New Hanover County
- Special Collections Staff
- 2021 April
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- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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