McDonald-Howe Family Papers
Scope and Contents
The McDonald-Howe Family Papers contains materials pertaining to the Alfred Howe family and the children of his daughter, Rebecca Howe McDonald. Included are documents pertaining to the life of Alfred Howe, who was the son of Anthony Walker, a formerly enslaved person, and his wife, Tenah Howe, a member of the Tuscarora. Howe was born in Wilmington, North Carolina and became a successful builder, in addition to holding a number of elected positions.
Additional materials in the collection pertain to the grandchildren of Alfred Howe and his wife, Mary Walker Moore, through his daughter, Rebecca Howe McDonald. In particular, these documents emphasize the distribution of assets from the estate of Alfred Howe to his descendants, as well as their involvement as educators in the Black community in Wilmington.
Finally, of note in this collection is a typescript written by Nada McDonald Cotton, granddaughter of Alfred Howe, regarding the experience of her family during the 1898 coup d'état and massacre in Wilmington. Cotton was a young child during the massacre, and her family was the only Black family living in a white neighborhood.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use.
Copyright retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Alfred Augustus Howe was born on December 29, 1817 to Anthony Walker and Tenah Howe in Wilmington, North Carolina. His father was formerly enslaved to Colonel Robert Howe, who upon his death, left instructions for the manumittance of Walker so that his children would be free and would bear the name Howe. Following in the path of his father and brothers, Alfred was a successful builder in Wilmington. He was also a member of the Wilmington Board of Aldermen (1869), was elected to the School Committee of Wilmington Township, and served in various roles including City Assessor, Director of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Bank, and President of the Board of Directors of Pine Forest Cemetery.
Howe married Mary Moore Walker in 1840 and the couple had six children. In 1887, he built a home at the corner of Third and Queen streets (where he was born), and his descendants occupied this home until 1984. Howe was involved in an incident in Wilmington on July 31, 1892 in which he became engaged in a conflict with a motorman on the street railway, J. M. Kelly, who struck him over the head with a brass motor crank. As an elderly man in ill health, he was unable to survive the attack and died on October 6, 1892. Howe is buried in Pine Forest Cemetery. Kelly was acquitted when tried for manslaughter in the case, however he was involved in subsequent violent attacks on other whites. In 1896, he was convicted of first degree murder in Jacksonville, Florida and was later hung.
Howe's youngest daughter, Rebecca Jane (b. September 2, 1863), married Robert McDonald, and the couple had four children: Nada McDonald Cotton (b. April 13, 1895), Alfreda McDonald Blake (b. July 29, 1896), Edna McDonald Goodman (b. January 29, 1898), and Crummell Howe McDonald (b. October 13, 1899). All of the McDonald children became educators. Crummell was a longtime Principal in Wilmington schools, including Williston Primary School, Peabody School, and Gregory School.
0.21 Linear Feet (Contains 1 document box and 1 oversize folder.)
This collection was donated by Mr. Ernest A. Swain, executor of the McDonald estate, on May 12, 1988.
Portions of this collection have been digitized and/or are born-digital. For access to these digital materials, please browse the finding aid via the "Collection Organization" tab and select an individual file or item to see if it contains a linked digital record.
Originally processed by Lana Taylor and later updated by Rebecca Baugnon.
- African Americans -- Genealogy
- African Americans -- North Carolina -- New Hanover County -- History
- Cotton, Nada McDonald, 1895-1977
- Education -- New Hanover County (N.C.)
- Families -- North Carolina -- New Hanover County
- Howe family
- Howe, Alfred, 1817-1892
- Howe, Tenah, -1852
- McDonald family
- Walker, Anthony (-1837)
- Wilmington Massacre, Wilmington, N.C., 1898
- McDonald-Howe Family Papers
- Special Collections Staff
- 2022 September 27
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description