Weather Bureau Station Wilmington, North Carolina Official Documents
Scope and Contents
These papers consist largely of communications between the central U.S. Weather Bureau office in Washington, D.C., and the local weather observation post at Wilmington, N.C. Although the inclusive dates of this group are 1871-1912, all but one of the items fall in the years 1871-1908, with no items from the years 1883-84, 1893-94, 1899, 1905-06, and 1909-11.
These papers consist of seven topical series; items within each series are arranged in chronological order. Series 1, public services communications, reflects the varied services offered by the Weather Bureau and its observation posts. Series 2, procedural communications, is extensive, consisting of instructions from the Main Office in Washington, D.C., explaining, quite explicitly, how to perform the various tasks involved in running a post. Series 3 is made up of weather warning telegrams from Washington, D.C., to Wilmington, alerting the observer to changing weather conditions and the need to hoist or lower the appropriate signals. Unlike the other series, inclusive dates for these telegrams are 1874-1890.
The papers in Series 4 concern personnel: hiring, firings, assignments and transfers. Communications about supplies are found in Series 5 and include requests for supplies or labor, bids, and notifications of which bids to accept. Financial communications are in Series 6. Series 7 contains error sheets, notifications from Washington, D.C., of errors made in weather reports, how to correct them, and to which observer to charge the error. An eight unclassified series contains papers partially to entirely illegible without the use of special equipment.
These papers had been folded in thirds with a typed (usually) synopsis on an outer third which generally included: date issued, date received, names of addresser and addressee, and a summary of the letter. If a reply was made, a similar summarization, called a first endorsement, would be typed on the next section. If a counterreply was received, a synopsis of this was also added to the original letter on the final flap and was labeled a second endorsement. Some papers are blank sheets folded in thirds with a synopsis of a communication sent out or forwarded or returned, for which no copy was available for retention in the local files.
- Creation: 1871 - 1912
- United States. Weather Bureau (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use.
Copyright retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
2.70 Linear Feet (Contains 8 document boxes)
Language of Materials
This collection was donated by H.E. Taft, son of Reuben Lovette Frost, in 1972.
Originally processed by Judith Davis in 1976. In 2014, this manuscript collection was re-foldered and re-housed with current archival standard materials by Kate Edwards.
- Weather Bureau Station Wilmington, North Carolina Official Documents
- Special Collections Staff
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note