Edmund McCaffray Collection
Scope and Contents
This collection contains correspondence and documents by and about Civil War General Robert E. Lee, his wife Mary Custis Lee, his nephew Fitzhugh Lee, and additional Civil War contemporaries. Content varies from updates on medical care to military requests for promotions and reimbursements. It spans from the height of the war in 1863 to post-Reconstruction in 1885, and largely originates to and from Virginia, of where Robert E. Lee was in command. A selection of the letters focuses on his failing health in the months before he died in October 1870.
Conditions Governing Access
Access to this collection has special conditions. Contact the Special Collection Librarian in advance for information on access to this collection.
Copyright retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Biographical and Historical Note
Robert E. Lee was a Confederate general and commander of the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. As of June 1862, he commanded the Army of Northern Virginia and was made General in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States from February until April 1865, when he famously surrendered to Union General in Chief Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.
Lee was born and raised by a military family in Virginia, where he worked as a military engineer and served in the U.S. Army, before resigning to join the Confederacy when the Union was set to march on Virginia. He married his third cousin, Mary Anna Randolph Custis Lee, a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington via her first husband, Daniel Parke Custis, in 1831. They had seven children. Lee initially fell ill with suspected heart disease in 1863 and never fully recovered. His health continued to fail through the remainder of the 1860s, until he finally passed away in the Fall of 1870.
James Ewell Brown Stuart, also known as Jeb for his initials of J.E.B., was a calvary commander and general in the Confederate army and served as one of Lee's most trusted confidantes and advisors. He was a major player at the Battle of Gettysburg, where his separaton from Lee's army has been charged with causing a failure to secure victory. Lee's nephew, Fitzhugh Lee, also served in the war as a Brigadier General under Stuart. Fitzhugh later became the 40th Governor of Virginia.
.5 Linear Feet (Contains 1 document box and 1 map case folder)
This collection was donated by Edmund McCaffray in February 2000.
Portions of this collection have been digitized and/or are born-digital. For access to these digital materials, please browse the finding aid via the "Collection Organization" tab and select an individual file or item to see if it contains a linked digital record.
- Clark, James L., Captain (James Louis), 1840-1910
- Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870
- Medicine -- United States -- History -- 19th century
- Seddon, James A. (James Alexander), 1815-1880
- Stuart, Jeb, 1833-1864
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Medical care
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
- Edmund McCaffray Collection
- Nicole Yatsonsky
- 2021 January 28
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description