Johnston Avery and Virginia Hall Avery Private Papers
The collection also includes two typewritten manuscripts authored by Mr. Avery. One deals with the decartelization of German industries and the other is a biography of Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, one of Mr. Avery's most admired historical figures. Additional files contain LAMCO reports, speeches, photographs, souvenir programs, Liberian newspapers, assorted newspaper clippings, and a scrapbook.
- 1915 - 1973
- Avery, Johnston (Creator, Person)
Conditions Governing Access
5.33 Linear Feet (Contains 13 document boxes, 1 oversize box and 1 oversize folder.)
Biographical or Historical Information
First in an official capacity and later as a private businessman, Mr. Avery became involved in the economic development and exploitation of natural resources of Africa, specifically in Liberia. With the State Department, he was Assistant Administrator of the Point Four Program, which was established to help developing countries acquire technical expertise. He resigned from this position to become President of the Liberian American Swedish Minerals Company (LAMCO) Joint Venture, a position he held until his death. LAMCO discovered and began mining one of the largest and purest iron ore deposits ever discovered, which is located in the Nimba Mountains of Liberia. The Republic of Liberia owns 50% of the LAMCO Joint Venture. The company also received capital investment from the International African-American Corporation (now Liberian iron Ore Ltd), Bethlehem Steel Corporation, and the syndicate of companies controlled by Swedish financier, Marcus Wallenberg.
1923 - 1924 Reporter for Greensboro (NC) Daily News.
1924 - 1928 Reporter, then Editor for Hickory (NC) Daily Record.
1925 - Jun 6 Married Virginia Davenport Hall of Hickory, NC.
1928 - 1932 Editor and Publisher of Lenoir (NC) News-Topic.
1928 - Recipient, Separk Award for editorial work.
1930 - Recipient, North Carolina Press Association Award.
1931 - Participated in the successful campaigns of J.C.B. Ehringhaus for Governor of North Carolina and Robert R. Reynolds for U.S. Senator from North Carolina.
1932 - Assistant to Senator Reynolds, Washington, DC
1933 - 1935 Assistant to the Director, U.S. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
1935 - 1950 Special Assistant to the Attorney General, Anti-Trust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC and New York, NY.
1935 - 1947 Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve.
1946 - 1948 Assistant Director, Decartelization Branch, U.S. Office of Military Government, Berlin, Germany.
1948 - Transferred back to Anti-Trust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC.
1950 - 1952 Assistant Administrator, U.S. Technical Cooperation Administration (Point Four Program), Foreign Operations Administration, Department of State, Washington, DC.
1952 - 1970 President of Liberian American Swedish Minerals Co. (LAMCO).
1952 - 1955 Director, International African-American Corporation.
1955 - Dec 23 LAMCO's chief geologist, Sandy Clark, discovered iron ore at Mount Nimba, Liberia.
1956 - Drilling began at Nimba Mountains, Liberia.
1958 - Feb Established a home at Cascais, Portugal to be mid-way between New York, Stockholm and Liberia.
1959 - May 7 Decorated Grand Commander of the Star of Africa, Monrovia, Liberia.
1961 - Began building home on Middle Sound, New Hanover Co., NC.
1963 - Decorated Knight Commander of the Order of Vassa, Stockholm, Sweden.
1969 - Sep 5 Entered leukemia unit, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD.
1970 - Oct 1 Died, Baltimore, MD.
"Big Deal in the Liberian Jungle." Forbes. December 1, 1961, pp. 31-32.
"Business Around the Globe: A Landscape of Ore." Fortune. December 1961, pp. 65-72.
"Johnston Avery, Mines Developer, Dies Thursday." Wilmington Star-News, October 2, 1970.
Moody's Industrial Manual, 1963. New York: Moody's Investor's Service, 1963.
Who Was Who in America: Volume V. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1973.
Items donated to the Museum of World Cultures by the family hold the accession # 1983.08.
Additional papers relating to the Decartelization Branch of the U.S. Office of Military Government were donated to the National Archives and Records Administration by Mr. Avery in 1954.
- United States. Constitution. 18th Amendment
- Reynolds, Robert Rice, 1884-1963
- Avery Family
- Avery, Johnston
- Avery, Virginia Hall
- Ehringhaus, John Christoph Blucher, 1882-1949.
- Tubman, William V. S., 1895-1971.
- Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government
- Governors -- North Carolina
- Natural resources -- Africa -- Liberia
- United States Politics and government 1933-1945
- Johnston Avery and Virginia Hall Avery Private Papers
- Sue Cody Hiatt
- 1984 May 23
- Description rules
- Language of description
- 2018 January 16: Finding aid revised for conversion to ArchivesSpace by Rebecca Baugnon.